Sail/fly on over to the island with Providence and before entering the town, you will find a chest on the overworld in the same exact spot as in the past, in the big clearing to the west of the town ( Molevolantern Heart ). Enter the town of Providence now and go into the weapons shop, where you'll find two locked chests (Thief's Key), which contain 340 gold coins and an Iron Mask . Exit and go down the well right next to the shop, where you can find a hidden Mini Medal (#62) on the ground (just keep pressing the A button).
You can't get through the front door of the inn, because a little girl is blocking it, so use the rear entrance to get inside; you'll find some Plain Clothes in the drawer. One of the barrels next to the southwestern house contains a Medicinal Herb , while you can get a Seed of Life from a pot in the southeastern house. Lastly, the northeastern house will have some Horse Manure inside of a pot. That's all you'll find in the village, so the next stop of the Mountaintop Tunnel.
At the first split, take the eastern one and go all the way to the end to find a chest with a Lips Heart in it. Go through the other path to get to the stairs leading to the second floor, ignoring everything here and going straight to the third. In the northwest corner, you should see the tablet resonating on your screen, so go pick it up ( Yellow Fragment ), while the chest in the northeast is still a Cannibox like in the past.
There's nothing else here, so continue up to the fourth floor, where you'll find a man standing by the water. Speak with him and agree to help him reach the church at the top. Once you do, head inside and you'll find out he is the priest. Go through the door to the right and open the chest, thanks to the Priest's Key, to get a Green Fragment . Make your way around to the back of the church and go into the basement, opening the chest there for a Mini Medal (#63) . Alright, that's it for Providence, so it's time to go back to the Shrine of Mysteries.