Myahm Agana Shrine
This Shrine is an "Apparatus" type Shrine, so the puzzle is probably a bit different than what you have seen in the past. It will involve use of motion controls, so if you are playing in handheld mode this puzzle might be more difficult because as you til the Switch your view of the screen diminishes. However, in docked mode the Joy-Cons switch to using motion detectors inside the controller and the precision drops because there is no sensor bar for ensured accuracy and sync.
Go up the stairs to your right and press [A] to activate the apparatus mentioned by the trial name. The camera will zoom out and show you a maze.
Tilt your controller (or the whole Switch if playing in Handheld Mode) to slowly move the ball through the maze. You can close out at any time and then re-activate the apparatus to reset the sync if you need to.
Bear in mind that the ball is quite heavy, so if it picks up a lot of momentum it is nearly impossible to steer in a different direction. Move slowly and focus on steady progress instead of trying to be fast. Patience is key! Once you reach the end of the maze you will need to flip the maze up so that the ball can fly through the air in a parabola. Otherwise the ball will simply fall through the gap and waste your efforts.
Note: There's also a slightly unorthodox but equally compelling solution. Use motion controls to flip the maze all the way upside-down. Then it's just a simple matter of working with the flipped controls to move the ball across what is now a flat plane. Neat!
Once the ball has reached its target, let's go claim one more treasure chest. First, tilt the maze in the direction of where the ball comes from so that it is lower than the ramp. Then, run up the ramp and Paraglide into the maze. Open up the treasure chest for a Phrenic Bow. To get out you will need to run from a higher point in the maze and then jump and Paraglide back. It takes some precision and might take you a couple of attempts.
Now you can go meet the monk and claim your Spirit Orb.